Sep 01

Yukio Hatoyama, Japan’s new Prime Minister: “A New Path for Japan”

Written by dewang on Tuesday, September 1st, 2009 at 10:01 pm
Filed under:-mini-posts, politics |
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Yukio Hatoyama will become the next Prime Minister of Japan with his Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ).  Since WWII, Japan has been mainly ruled by the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP).  This is a big deal and a big shift within Japan. DPJ has also won about two-thirds of the seats in the Japanese Diet.  Hatoyama has an Op-Ed in the New York Times, “A New Path for Japan” which I highly recommend.  This is an abridged version of a manuscript which NYT said were circulated in business and diplomatic circles signaling Hatoyama’s policies for his administration.

Again, I highly encourage FM readers to read Hatoyama’s Op-Ed, “A New Path for Japan.”  There are a couple of very interesting points he made which I thought worth noting:

  • Fundamentalist pursuit of capitalism which is attributed to the U.S.-led globalization is causing human dignity to be lost . . . . “globalism has progressed without any regard for non-economic values, or for environmental issues or problems of resource restriction.”
  • Creation of an East Asian currency (like the Euro) and community while keeping U.S.-Japan security pact as a cornerstone.
  • Japan is caught between a rising China and a powerful U.S., but Japan’s sphere is in Asia.

Near the end, he said:

“Therefore, I would suggest, somewhat paradoxically, that the issues that stand in the way of regional integration can only be truly resolved by moving toward greater integration. The experience of the E.U. shows us how regional integration can defuse territorial disputes.”

I feel this statement is extremely wise and one that I agree with wholeheartedly. At a personal level which all of us can relate to – when we have differences with our family and friends, it is usually easy to settle those. When we don’t like someone, the most minute difference could easily get us into the biggest fights.

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88 Responses to “Yukio Hatoyama, Japan’s new Prime Minister: “A New Path for Japan””

  1. miaka9383 Says:

    When I am reading this op ed, I get a sense that he strongly desires reconciliation with China. However, he only addressed territorial disputes. He did not address the fact that Japanese History of WWII is still a little bit skewed and how he was going to fix that… Did you get the same impression that I did? In a way I felt this op ed was only for face value and nothing deeper…..

  2. huaren Says:

    Hi miaka,

    This WWII history question is especially tough today to resolve. So I agree with his view that the best way forward is towards integration. The specific thorny issues are then much easier to tackle.

    The Europeans need to be thanked for getting this EU/Euro concept off the ground.

  3. miaka9383 Says:

    I think before they do the integration they need to own up to WWI and II mistakes. I think ultimately that is what made EU work with Germany and Italy involved because they did apologize for their mistakes. I don’t know the whole op ed makes me feel he is just skimming the surface for face value.

  4. huaren Says:

    Hi miaka, #3,

    I see what you are saying. He briefly mentioned how Japan and Asia view history is a source of conflict. For whatever it is worth, he at least mentions it.

    I completely agree with you if Japan reconciles the history question first, then all these integration he talks about is much easier, and like you said, as was in Germany’s case for EU.

    For me, if integration first to then allow this history issue to be solved, I think its fine. If Asia is on a single currency, then the chance of war between members are lot less likely. So I see that as a much more important goal.

    My grandparents home was destroyed by Japanese bombers. My wife’s grandfather was kicked to death by Japanese soldiers. We need systems and organizations in place so members are less likely to go to war with each other.

  5. pug_ster Says:

    Yes, I do think that it might be a positive sign about mentioning the source of conflict between Japan and South Korea/China. Not sure what he would do but let’s see what happens.

    I think that Mr Hatoyama mentioned about the wane of American influence in the world but there’s a consistent presence of US influence in the Asian region in Okinawa and DMZ zone in the Korean peninsula. Perhaps that maybe the Asian countries will have discussions to tell the US that they no longer need the protection? Well, I’m hopeful but I am not expecting anything.

  6. pug_ster Says:

    Chinadaily’s article about the DPJ’s Japan-China ties.


  7. Lime Says:

    Here’s an article you might find interesting on Hatoyama’s ambivalent attitude towards the United States.


    The author, Tobias Harris, doesn’t seem to have much respect for Hatoyama personally, so you have to take it with a grain of salt, but when you look at the evidence, I think his assessment in this article and others- that Hatoyama’s talk about convincing Obama to remove troops from Okinawa and elsewhere, along with this idea of pan-Asian integration along EU lines, and especially the Asian currency idea is (or was) a lot of empty talk that sounded good during the campaign, but not at all realistic when considered seriously- is probably correct.

  8. Steve Says:

    I agree with Lime that the speech in the NY Times is mostly political boilerplate for a domestic audience. In fact, today’s NY Times had this article where Hatoyama says exactly that and begins to retreat on previous statements. “Stung by the reaction, Mr. Hatoyama appears to be back-pedaling and engaging in damage control. On Monday night, he said he had not intended for the article to appear abroad, and said it was being misinterpreted. “If you read the entire essay, you will understand that it is definitely not expressing anti-American ideas,” he said.”

    Another evaluation of the election and subsequent decisions awaiting the DPJ appears here on Karel van Wolferen’s website. He ends by saying, “The Japanese who have been frustrated with unfulfilled expectations prompted by 16 years of promised fundamental change can only hope that their new government is given much time (and peace from scandal mongers) to work out an effective and productive collaboration between elected and career officials – simply the single greatest political problem of modern Japan.”

    The DPJ was elected to get Japan out of its economic mess, not to change foreign policy. Japan has huge demographic problems, massive underemployment and unemployment, especially among its young, and a very inefficient distribution system throughout the country. One of Japan’s biggest problems is the lack of fundamentalist market reforms, not the implementation of them. I think he was appealing to the local xenophobic crowd with that statement, and that’s why he was embarrassed and retreated so quickly from what he said after it was translated and published by the NY Times. I agree with Tobias Harris that the DPJ just needs to stop giving speeches and spend time forming a cabinet and governing administration. They’ll certainly have their hands full over the next couple of years.

  9. pug_ster Says:

    I thought this was funny. He hasn’t been elected yet and the media started to talk about his wife.


  10. Lime Says:

    That is funny. Kind reminds me of Margaret Trudeau. Between Miyuki and the teachings of the late Count Coudenhove-Kalergi, Japanese politics stands a good chance of becoming a lot more colourful with Hatoyama at the helm.

  11. Steve Says:

    @ pug_ster #9: Wow! The media is going to have a field day with her. Kind of reminds me of Nancy Reagan and her astrological views except Miyuki is even more “out there”. :P

    I sent this story to my friend in Japan. I’m curious to read her reaction.

  12. Allen Says:

    This op-ed being a political boilerplate or not … this election result is definitely a development worth noting …. since it can potentially open the door to to Japan’s reconciliation with China and the rest of Asia … allowing the entire East Asian region to drawn tighter together and ahead of schedule.

    Sometimes, all you need is a catalyst to make interesting things happen – especially when all the ingredients are there.

    We’ll have to wait to see if the DPJ victory turns out to be such a catalyst…

    If a flip of a wing of a butterfly can potentially cause the formation of a storm halfway across the world, then this election definitely has the potential to bring much welcoming events to Asia.

  13. Steve Says:

    @ Allen: Actually, I’ve read that because the DPJ isn’t the LDP, it has more leeway to put an end to long time disputes concerning the Japanese Army behavior during the war. The odds of this happening now, because of the DPJ’s different constituency, is far better than before. I’m also hoping they put this one to bed since it’s been hanging around far too long. The question is, will they be willing to pay compensation to the remaining victims? To me, that’s the make or break point.

    Remember the original story where the time machine takes the hunter back to prehistoric times and he panics and steps off the raised path, then when he gets back to the future the world is completely different, Hitler won the war and the language is written phonetically? That’s when he discovers a crushed butterfly in his shoe. I remember that one from when I was a kid. :D

  14. Uln Says:

    @Allen & miaka- Reconciliation with China: I agree it would be positive if Japan makes some move to own up to WWI and WWII mistakes. Actually efforts have already been done in the past, and apologies already been asked, but clearly Japan has made much less for reconciliation than Germany did, for example.

    Being realistic, I guess the course of action of the new PM will depend on how he expects the voters to react. Nationalistic feelings are very tricky and can mobilize many votes, so he will be careful with that. Ultimately it is about the Japanese public opinion. Those here who know Japan well: what is the feeling on the street over there? Do a large number of Japanese agree that there is more compensation/apologies to be given, War heroes shrines to be closed? Or most prefer not to speak about it?

    @ Steve – Wots rong with de langwig riten foneticly? u shud lern from spanisch and pinyin!

  15. Allen Says:

    @Steve #13,

    Do you really think that Japan must be willing to pay compensation to the remaining victims?

    I actually don’t know. I think if Japan stops distorting history, comes to grip nationally with its history with some genuine introspection, and formally apologizes – it should be ok without having to open the can of worms about paying money. Japan is already investing a lot of money in China. That – together with actions to mend the past and to chart a roadmap for integrating more tightly economically with China – should be almost enough… I think.

  16. huaren Says:

    Hi Guys,

    Thx for the links. Right now there is primarily a lot of reaction within the U.S.. I think China still is on a wait-and-see mode.

    Regarding reconciliation with China – Japan has been granting low-interest loans to China for quite a while – only recently has this been scaled back. Japan also announced program to help establish a regional coordination body to pool resources to help fight crisis shortly after the Sichuan earth quake.

    I share sentiment with Allen on this. China has not really put a precondition for the relationship to “normalize” – I think this is both pragmatic and of great foresight. I might add it is incredibly difficult to do by the Chinese government, because many ordinary Chinese citizen would prefer formal apology and correct history text books before anything else.

    I agree with Steve that Japan has a domestic crisis. For one, its national debt is insane like that of the U.S..

    In 2004, ASEAN and China made an FTA on goods to be achieved by 2010. Services and investments to follow soon after. I believe this FTA will eventually blanket the whole of East Asia, including South Korea and Japan. I can see this happening within the next decade. Its not hard to imagine an Asian currency 20-30 years from now.

  17. Raj Says:

    The election was good for Japanese democracy as a whole, and hopefully good for Japanese politics. It’s hard to predict what will actually happen, though, as Hatoyama has promised many things that would be unworkable if delivered together.

    I’ve noticed that there’s already been a degree of backpeddling on the US-Japan alliance. Japan can’t tell the US to go take a hike because it still relies on it in part. To be rid of a US prescence it would have to significantly increase the defence budget and take years to reform the military. What will happen is an attempt to make the conditions the US stays in Japan more acceptable to the general public.

    I like the idea of an “Asian” European Union, though I’m sure it won’t happen because of inevitable quarrels about membership. A joint currency is also probably pie in the sky because the economies are too divergent – I suspect that linked interest rates would always cause problems for someone.


    The question is, will they be willing to pay compensation to the remaining victims? To me, that’s the make or break point.

    I think we’re probably past the point where there will be more compensation – the Treaty of San Francisco formally dealt with that.

    As for apologies, many have already been made. Some more might be, but I’m not sure they’ll be exceptionally different. I think it’s better to just improve relations rather than set down lists of red lines.

  18. Lime Says:

    This apology thing is something I’ve been wondering about. Since I started paying attention to Japanese politics (sometime in the early 2000s), I remember several occasions when Japanese prime ministers apologised in one way or another for World War II. Wikipedia, actually has a list;


    In other sins-of-the-fathers issues like, I understand that the apologetic party will often avoid actually using the word ‘apology’ for fear that this could be interpretted as an admission that compensation is due. I believe Tony Blair’s apology- or expression of regret- for Britain’s involvement in the slave trade was an example of this. (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/politics/6185176.stm)

    But looking at the list above, though, it seems that several Japanese prime ministers, most recently the celebrated Mr. K, have used the word apology. Can anyone explain why this apology thing is still an issue, or contribute a link to an article where the people demanding it (the PRC’s government, I guess), explain why they think it’s still an issue?

  19. Raj Says:


    Can anyone explain why this apology thing is still an issue

    There are different reasons, but one is the accusation that “they’re not really sorry”. Which to me is just an admission that such people will never believe Japan/Japanese people are sorry whatever they say.

  20. Steve Says:

    For another view on why the Japanese apology hasn’t been accepted in the rest of Asia while Germany’s has, along with how Japan is perceived by different generations of Chinese, James Fallows from the Atlantic Monthly talks about this and other China related issues in this Motley Fool conversation.

  21. Allen Says:

    Hatoyma may think globalism is an American phenomenon – but it’s not going away. Tighter economic integration, if not not political integration, is the key to a peaceful future, according to this editorial from the China Daily.


  22. hzzz Says:

    The Chinese government is using the apology issue to leverage influence especially in trade.

    The issue is silly really. Most Chinese people don’t care unless you remind them, and most Japanese people certainly don’t care even if you do remind them. The politicians on the other hand need to use this issue to manipulate support. Using WWII sentiments the Chinese government can easily rile up anti-Japanese sentiments and royally screw the Japanese economy. Japanese PMs on other hand, can also do something like visiting the war shrine in order to appease the right wingers. The newly elected JPN PM is likely under a lot of pressure from pro-business groups to address China.

  23. huaren Says:

    Hi Steve, Allen,

    Thx for the links. I really like this idea of economic integration being one of the common denominators for all nations regardless of their differences.

    I feel James Fallows has a good pulse on what’s happening. I find myself agreeing with a lot of what he has to say.

  24. huaren Says:

    Hi hzzz, #22,

    I remember Japan’s efforts to gain permanent seat in security council was thwarted by China, South Korea, and other Asian countries for not fully owning up to WW1/WW2 history.

  25. Think Ming Says:

    @ Huaren 4

    Why is it only up to Japan to reconcile the history question?

    When will the CCP apologize for The Great Leap Forward? The Cultural Revolution? Tiananmen? Actions in Tibet and Xinjiang?

    Oh yeah. . . the current CCP is different to the CCP then, so it’s irrelevant. . . And anyway, it was Chinese killing Chinese and that’s OK then. . .

  26. Jason Says:

    @Think Ming, Raj, Lime

    Maybe because right-winger Japanese like to honor their war crimes in Yasukuni shrine.

    These apologies means nothing when Yasukuni shrine is still honoring their Class A war criminals.

    @ Think Ming

    The coup d’état of the Gang of Four was more than an apology to Mao’s years.

    Tibetans and Uighurs put them on their selves. If they haven’t align with CIA adn NED, there won’t be any ethnic tension.

    As for the Tiananmamen, even though Chinese governmet still do not acknowledge them, most of the reforms that the student’s requests are obliged as of today.

  27. huaren Says:

    Hi Think Ming, #25,

    I don’t think any killing is “OK.”

    It would not be just up to the Japanese to reconcile the history question. In my opinion, it would be Japan and rest of Asia. Do you not agree WW1/WW2 Japan did all these atrocious crimes in Asia?

    Regarding the CCP apologizing to themselves and to the Chinese citizens, you have some suggestion how that might work?

    I think just about every Chinese citizen agree the GLP and CR were disastrous policies. For TAM and other regions, it appears the opinions have a great range.

  28. Steve Says:

    @ huaren #27: Outside of attacking and taking over the German port of Qingdao, did the Japanese do anything of consequence in China during WWI? I wasn’t aware they had and am curious.

  29. huaren Says:

    Hi Steve, #28,

    Oops, I don’t know why I slipped WWI in there. I really don’t know much about WWI history and can’t say much about it. Thx for catching it.

  30. huaren Says:

    Hi Steve, #20,

    Fallows mentioned couple of undercurrents that is kind of in the Chinese psyche which were pretty interesting.

    1. 5000 year history
    My opinion is this gives aspirations to every citizen to want to see Chinese society become great again.

    2. those age 40+ still have disasters of GLF, CR fresh in their minds
    My view is this gives them strong preference to stay the course on the growing economy.

    3. young Chinese offended by Japanese leadership visiting Yasekuni shrine
    I think there is some of this. I also think animosity is waning at the same time over time. But if conflict between China and Japan erupts, this undercurrent can be easily riled up. Therefore, I think it is important that Japan’s relationship with China and Asia normalizes.

  31. Raj Says:

    huaren (27)

    Regarding the CCP apologizing to themselves and to the Chinese citizens, you have some suggestion how that might work?

    I think It would be more appropriate to have a process. Here are some ideas.

    1. Start with some sort of public statement with a general but clear apology, indicating that grave crimes had been committed by the party in regards to ordinary Chinese and other CCP members.

    2. A Truth and Reconciliation Committee like in South Africa. I think this is important because a proper study of what happened and allowing people to come forward to say what happened to them would act as a catharsis.

    3. Freeing of “political” prisoners even if they weren’t specifically linked to those events. I say “political” to cover people punished for not breaking a law other than being “politically annoying” for the State/CCP.

    4. A lifting on media and academic restrictions on reporting/writing on those events. This would work hand-in-hand with the Committee, as it would take a long time to report. Allowing freer general discussion would help make the process seem more transparent and not a government whitewash.

    5. Reviewing the History syllabus on those topics – e.g. less spin on Mao that the policies that caused the death of millions were just “mistakes”. Teach the facts and let the pupils decide, or put both sides of the argument. When I was at school we not usually taught that national figures were right/wrong. Individual teachers might like to push an interpretation, but it was dependent on the teacher, not national policy.

    But perhaps we should save this for another topic. This is a post about Japan, even if we need to link it to China.

  32. huaren Says:

    Perhaps some experts could help us understand Japan’s involvement with China during and before WW1. I just did some quick reading – it was during WW1 where Japan had already tried to swallow China as a whole – also at the expense of other colonial “Western” powers.

  33. huaren Says:

    Hi Raj, #31,

    I actually think this “apology” thing might deserve a separate thread. The way I see it there is quite a bit of similarities between the CCP reconciling GLF and CR with the Chinese population as a whole vs. Japan apologizing to Asia for WW2 atrocities.

    Why *should* for each of the two cases?
    Why *should not* for both?
    Why *should* for one case and *should not* for the other?

    Has there been any society where the governing party apologized for their bad policies. Would be interesting to see examples.

    We know Germany is an example between nation states which many agree bore fruit in EU/Euro.

  34. Raj Says:

    I just did some quick reading – it was during WW1 where Japan had already tried to swallow China as a whole

    In what way? It joined the side of the “Allies” and attacked German colonies, but I haven’t read that it made a bid to attack China as a whole. It wanted those German colonies after the war, but that was a normal reaction to overseas German territory by the victors.

  35. Steve Says:

    Huaren, I’ve also read about the same thing Raj wrote, that it only involved German colonies in China but the actual Japanese intrusions didn’t take place until well after the war ended. Is there something we missed?

  36. huaren Says:

    Hi Raj, #34,

    I am curious if you thought it was “ok” for the Japanese to take Tsintao and other Chinese territories occupied by WW1 Germany?

  37. huaren Says:

    Hi Steve, #35, Raj, #34,

    This was what I read on Wikipedia:

    Twenty-One Demands (対華二十一ヵ条要求 Taika Nijyūichikkajō Yōkyū?)

    The Japanese tried to kill Zhang Zuolin

    Japan invaded and took over Korea in around 1890. From 1890 until their defeat by the U.S. in WW2, I think they were working towards conquest of Asia.

  38. Raj Says:


    I am curious if you thought it was “ok” for the Japanese to take Tsintao and other Chinese territories occupied by WW1 Germany?

    Japan was on our side during the war, so as we couldn’t take those colonies it was fair for it to do that task. Attacking German colonies overseas was important, I think.

    As to whether Japan should have been awarded those colonies after the war, better that they’d not been colonies or handed over to China. But can I complain that they were given to Japan instead of Britain, France or left with Germany? Would seem hypocritical, don’t you think?

    Japan invaded and took over Korea in around 1890. From 1890 until their defeat by the U.S. in WW2, I think they were working towards conquest of Asia.

    Japan had been looking for an empire like other European states, but I’m not sure it was hell-bent on conquering Asia by WWI. I would read the 21 demands as being more an attempt at solidifying Japan’s presence in the area whilst stopping other powers expanding their influence. Doesn’t mean that the demands were reasonable, of course.

  39. Steve Says:

    @ Huaren #37: I didn’t realize the 21 demands took place that early. I agree with you that they were unreasonable and interfering and were taking advantage of the European powers’ being occupied with the fighting in Europe, so they go beyond just taking Qingdao from the Germans. Trying to kill a warlord wasn’t interfering in the central Chinese government, but it was still gross interference with a foreign country.

    The original Japanese goal was to control China and move into Siberia for the natural resources. They had no intention of moving towards SE Asia. After defeats at Lake Khasan and Khalkhin Gol by the Russians, they shifted their geopolitical plans to SE Asia and the Western Pacific, and began to prepare for the Pearl Harbor attack to take out the US Navy so they could invade the Philippines. They had given up on Siberia by that time.

    @ Raj: I’d say that the last two demands were what got them in trouble, not just with the Western powers but also with the Chinese people themselves:

    * Group 4 barred China from giving any further coastal or island concessions to foreign powers except for Japan.

    * Group 5 contained a miscellaneous set of demands, ranging from Japanese advisors appointed to the Chinese central government and to administer the Chinese police force (which would severely intrude on Chinese sovereignty) to allowing Japanese Buddhist preachers to conduct missionary activities in China.

    Group 5 was way out there and ended up being rejected and abandoned. But by even suggesting it, they pushed the line far beyond what it had been. Group 4 made them enemies among the foreign powers which lost them potential allies.

  40. huaren Says:

    Very interesting article over at Xinhua:

    “New variables on China-Japan ties with Hatoyama in power”

    Some highlights:

    Normalization runs deep in the Hatoyama family:

    - “Yukio has once served as vice-president of the Dietmen’s League for Japan-China Friendship.”
    - “His grand father, Ichiro Hatoyama, was the longest post-war Japanese prime minister, and he worked hard to normalize relations with China back in 1954, but failed owing to the U.S. restraint policy during the cold war.”
    - “Yuko’s father, Lichiro Hatoyama, then Japanese foreign minister in the Takeo Fukuda Cabinet, held talks with China for signing the Japan-China Peace and Friendship Treaty in 1976 but his effort suffered setback due to pressures imposed by the former Soviet Russia.”

    Biggest trade partner:

    - China has replaced the U.S. as Japan’s largest export partner.

    Issues China see with Japan to over come:

    “Japanese right-wing national forces would provoke some thought on a couple of historical issues; China’s separatist forces like those for “Taiwan Independence”, “Tibetan independence” and “Xinjiang independence” would attempt to find their “patrons” in Japan and look for opportunities to split China; China and Japan differ in their respective stance on the Diaoyu Island, and they are yet to settle their disputes over territorial and maritime rights; the affectionate sentiments between the people of the two nations are still yet to resume, and there is still the lack of sufficient mutual political trust in the area of military security.”

    In conclusion:

    “DPJ, a political party without a milestone around its neck, can promote and develop its fraternity and friendly, cooperative ties with China in strict compliance with four political documents signed between the two neighboring nations. Hence, Sino-Japanese relations in the years ahead would have more friendship and less friction.”

  41. Dragan Says:

    re article: all great, it has been a clear direction in recent two years to foster sino-japanese friendship and overcome the issues, I think many called it a “new spring’ in China. While generally ordinary chinese people still despise Japanese for their WW2 acts toward China and Chinese people, Zhongnanhai understands that playing friendly with Japan is crucial for convincing the world, and more importantly asian neighbours, that the rise will indeed be peacefull. That’s a part of a broader policy to pull in other asian countries in friendly and possibly strategic alliance with Beijing, instead of installing fear and consequently pushing them away, which would be the case should China be unfriendly toward Japan.

    So the issue really lies now with Japanese – will they play that way or will they try to keep the distance. Japanse public is also not too friendly toward China, and that may put some pressure on Hatoyama.
    Diaoyu Islands will be a real testing ground.

  42. Raj Says:


    While generally ordinary chinese people still despise Japanese for their WW2 acts toward China and Chinese people

    Just to clarify, you’re saying that a majority of Chinese people despise Japanese even if they weren’t born then, let alone committing specific acts of aggression/war crimes? I don’t believe that.

    You also seem to suggest that the Chinese government isn’t really that interested in good relations with Japan for the sake of having good relations with Japan, more that it wants it to provide a fake image to the world or something? Surely good relations with all countries should be cherished to bring greater understanding and mutual benefit.

    Japanse public is also not too friendly toward China

    In what respect and based on what information?

    Past opinion polls that I read have shown that the Japanese public thought better about China than the Chinese public did about Japan at the time. Japanese opinion of China may have dropped in recent years, but not because they’re unfriendly. It’s more out of concern about the future with China.

  43. Dragan Says:

    Hi Raj

    Yes, I am surprised that you do not know as chinese are quite open in expressing that, and still so, despite the fact that pols show that it is not as grave as it used to be. The fact people were not born then does not help, as all they’ve been ever listening about japanese are those atrocities made in XIX century and it does not help when a japanese premier repeatedly visits Yasukuni Shrine and history books in Japan are not , in chinese view, honest about that chapter in history. Put aside the war, occupation etc. and just think of Nanjing and 300,000 victims and you might understand the depth of that wound. So, even rational and inteligent people are often very emotional once you talk about Japan.

    It is also acknowledged that anti-japanese sentiment puts a lot of presure on gov’t, which, in order not to “loose face”, allows anti-japanese demonstrations and is quick to act should they feel public is provoked by visit to Yasakuni or some other similar act. Actually, just few years ago, gov’t let several leading newspapers run editorials written by scholars and , I think, mid-level officials that argued for forgetting the past and forging genuinely friendly relationship with Japan. They wanted to test the water. The response from public was sutch, that these people are still marked as ‘biggest chinese traitors” ( by general public) and their carrers have been consequently stalled. Since then, Beijing employed a more subtle approach, and the public sentiment still stays strongly anti-japanese.

    No, it is not about fake impression, of course it is a valuable relationship in any sense that you do not need any other incentive to try and keep friendly. However, it is mostly closely observed one, due to the problematic history and Japanese closeness with US, and is therefore perceived by other asian countries as a real test ground for China’s intentions in Asia and offering a preview of how China’s increasing leverage will be used.

  44. Raj Says:

    Hi Dragan

    The Chinese people (I mean citizens, not Han people who are citizens of other countries) I have met have never said they hate/resent Japanese people today, even if they feel there are unresolved matters about the war. Although I know views are different, I have never heard that a majority of Chinese people were so bitter and hate-filled towards the current Japanese generation. It would be interesting to hear what other people have to say on this matter.

    I remember the reaction to those news stories, though I wonder if that’s in part because those who shout the loudest are the angriest – it doesn’t mean they hold the majority view. Even if people agree with the articles they won’t dare say so because they don’t want to be targetted by the mob either. But maybe that really does reflect majority opinion. So is it the fault of the government in some way, like focusing too much in the war at school and the general media? Or is there nothing it can do and Chinese people will always be angry regardless?

    I understand your point about perceptions and foreign relations now, thanks.

  45. Otto Kerner Says:

    Here’s an anecdote: I was at a banquet with a number of professors at a university in a provincial capital. One of them, a man of about 40, advises me — unprompted — that, “the truth is, we would all be happy to see Japan at the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean!” I guess the bottom of the Pacific would still be too close for comfort in his opinion. He had consumed a considerable amount of baijiu at this point, so naturally the error reminds one of the hazards of speaking a foreign language while drunk, but I have no reason to think the sentiment was anything other than genuine, and he apparently felt the need to get it off his chest.

  46. Dragan Says:

    Hi Raj,

    well, they are rational enough to buy toyota cars and shop at Ito Yokado, but ultimately emotional when it comes to WW2 an japanese role at chinese soil.

    Yes, for sure, those that are on streets for anti-japanese demostrations and chinese netizens on some forums are the most radical among chinese population. I agree it is not 100% of chinese population, but I think that these people are just bold version of “quiet majority” and relly do reflect opinion of majority of chinese people – that think the same but would not bring it on forums and out to the streets, but would also not condemn them and generally would have positive views on such displays of patriotism. At least that is my experience, but would also love to hear what other think.

    Re your questions, I am not sure about the answer. My opinion is that it certainly will be a long process and that the current approach from chinese govt helps. Taking different approach in education would probably help also. But, in my opinion, the key would be for Japanese to bow, apologize clearly, accept the chinese account (generaly regarded to be much closer to truth) of WW2 Japanese misdeeds in China, change their school and history books and stop officially visiting Yasukuni once for all.

  47. huaren Says:

    Hi Dragan,

    Have you done some homework and have info on what the over-all sentiment is in the Japanese and Chinese publics their sentiments toward each other?

    FM reader ‘hzzz’ gave us some links to some PEW surveys:


  48. huaren Says:

    Hi Steve, #39,

    “Trying to kill a warlord wasn’t interfering in the central Chinese government, but it was still gross interference with a foreign country.”

    I guess I don’t view it the same way, and I suspect most Chinese don’t either. Zhang Zuolin probably considered himself a patriot and Chinese citizens view him as such. Lincoln is technically a “warlord” too. But if Canadians had tried to take over the U.S. during the American civil war, you wouldn’t want to help Canada justify their invasion just because Licoln was a “warlord.”

    Obviously, Zhang Zuolin hasn’t nearly done for China what Lincoln has done for America – not a great example, but I think you’ll understand what I wanted to say.

  49. Raj Says:


    that the current approach from chinese govt helps

    I don’t agree. The government has been too fast to whip up nationalism in the past through the media. It will only help when it buries such tactics for good rather than try to use it as a diplomatic bargaining chip.

    But, in my opinion, the key would be for Japanese to bow, apologize clearly, accept the chinese account (generaly regarded to be much closer to truth) of WW2 Japanese misdeeds in China, change their school and history books and stop officially visiting Yasukuni once for all.

    Sorry, all Japanese people have to bow? To who? And they can’t visit Yasukuni? It’s their choice, no one can stop them.

    When it comes to apologies, Premier Wen said Japan’s apologised. So it’s too late now. If Chinese people don’t feel that’s enough, they can protest outside his residence until he does a U-turn.

    China would never, ever, ever, [ad infinitum] allow another country to dictate how it taught History. So that’s something else to be put aside. Joint textbooks that were mandatory in schools could be used, but they would need to be produced through consensus. That would require China to adopt them universally as well.

    Alternatively they might be revised through domestic discussion, but it would still be Japan’s decision.

  50. Steve Says:

    Hi Huaren: What I meant was the literal meaning: Zhang Zuolin was not a central government leader but a regional warlord with his own army. Lincoln was the President of the United States and leader of the central government. That doesn’t mean Zhang wasn’t a patriot. Neither would I that say Lincoln was a warlord since he wasn’t a regional leader with his own private army. There haven’t been any “warlords” per the Chinese definition in US history, so they’re hard to compare.

  51. Steve Says:

    @ Raj: Based on my experience in China, I’d say there is plenty of anti-Japanese sentiment and it’s even stronger among the young than the old. I’ve also had similar experiences to Otto’s. In fact, James Fallows even talked about it in his interview with Motley Fool earlier this week. I’ve heard these sentiments from my colleagues at work, from friends I’ve met here and there, even from strangers that I’ve talked to at the park. There are two areas of complaint. By far the strongest is WWII, but another area of complaint comes from Chinese who have worked for Japanese companies in China. Their opinions are never taken into consideration and the basic mantra is “Japanese way good, Chinese way bad”. I’m not surprised since this same attitude is common with all Japanese businesses, at least in my experience. The fact that WWII documentaries are shown on a daily basis there, along with articles complaining about the Japanese representation of WWII history, contribute to the negative attitudes.

    Hatoyama has already said he would not visit Yasukuni Shrine so that shouldn’t be an issue. The DPJ constituency isn’t based on Yasukuni supporters. But the important thing to remember is that Hatoyama wasn’t elected because of his foreign policy views, he was elected to fix the economy and take power from the bureaucracy. He has no mandate for wide foreign policy changes and knows if he wants to remain in office he needs to concentrate on the economy and not rock the boat too much over foreign affairs. He has the reputation as being a political chameleon willing to change at a moment’s notice in order to maintain a favorable public opinion. A politician that pragmatic isn’t going to do anything too extreme.

  52. huaren Says:

    Hi Steve, #50,

    The reason I used Lincoln was the U.S. was essentially divided between the North and the South. Lincoln lead the north. In the case of China during WW1 period, China was fractured, with Zhang Zuolin controlling a big piece – northeast China.

    Trying to kill Zhang Zuolin in an attempt to take northeast China is no different than attacking China as a whole. I guess that’s my point.

    Would Robert E Lee be a better example? But I didn’t think Zhang Zuolin supported breaking apart China.

    Just cruious, what’s the Chinese definition of “warlord”? I have always wondered why in English language, they describe other country having these types of “leaders” and never in U.S. or European history. :)

  53. Lime Says:

    Worth pointing out that not only has Hatoyama vowed never to visit the shrine, none of his Prime Ministerial predecssors since Koizumi visited while in office, either. Other politicians have of course, but like Raj says, they have rights as private citizens, and the shrine itself is a private establishment, so there’s nothing to be done, but it does seem a little unfair to condemn the whole of ‘Japan’ and its citizens based on that.

    The ‘warlord’ discussion interests me quite a bit. My take on huaren’s question is that the use of the term ‘warlord’ in Chinese history is a reflection of the self-fulfilling prophecy of Chinese unity. In the case of Jefferson Davis, where he was the leader of a territory that had once been part of a larger state, and was again, we still tend to remember him as President of the Confederacy, and not as a southern warlord. But with China, we have this (ahistorical) assumption that it always has and always will be part of a large united block, and when it isn’t, that’s just a temporary anomaly. So if you were the leader of a territory that had once been part of a state historically perceived as a ‘China’ and was later part of another China, then your historical space tends to get dismissed, and you will be remembered as just another warlord between unifications rather than a historical actor within a unique political and cultural space in its own right. (The exception is if you’re part of a non-Han culture and your state is on the periphery of past Chinas). This is something that bugs me alot about Chinese historiography.

    By the way, thanks for the link to the James Fallows interview Steve!

  54. Steve Says:

    @ huaren & Lime: My definition of a Chinese warlord is the same as for any warlord. A warlord is a person living in a region of a country who, though he acknowledges a supreme national leader, has military and political control of said region. The regional government answers to him and not the central authority. The military also answers to him and not the central authority.

    Lincoln was the president of the United States before the Confederacy declared independence. Once that happened, he was still the president of the United States and not a region, though for four years his government had various degrees of control over the South. The United States never acknowledged or accepted the independence of the South.

    One rarely mentioned fact about the Confederacy is that it was a rich man’s war and government. A sizeable percentage of southerners believed in the Union and did not believe in slavery, but because they weren’t landowners their voice was ignored, even when voting took place. There were many towns in the South who voted to remain with the union before the Confederacy broke away. It wasn’t as cut and dried as it’s been portrayed in the media.

    Lime, I don’t think the shrine has been an issue since Koizumi’s time but the relatively recent revisions to textbooks downplaying or ignoring Japanese atrocities has riled people in countries that were occupied by the Japanese back then.

    As you wrote, the Confederacy never claimed to be a part of the United States but separate, so Jefferson Davis didn’t fit the definition of warlord. He was also an elected president and did not take power through military conquest as did the Chinese warlords, though some of those warlords were popular in the areas they controlled while others were hated but kept power through military might.

    I always enjoy hearing what Fallows has to say about China. His experiences are the closest to what I experienced there so it’s easy for me to relate to him in that way.

  55. huaren Says:

    Hi Steve, Lime,

    Yeah, I think this definition of “warlords” is indeed interesting. So, Steve, are you saying “democratically electedness” is the criteria?

    But, Lime, you are not assigning morality to this “ahistorical” perspective about China, right? If the USA has a 5,000 year history, perhaps future Americans might tend to have this “ahistorial” perspective as Chinese citizens do. What do you think?

  56. Lime Says:

    Hi Huaren,
    Well yes, if there is a unified state, or series of states occupying the general area of the United States for even a few hundred more years, it’s quite possible that the common historical interpretation will be one that characterises the United States, as a permanent civilisational feature on humanity’s historical landscape. It’s always in the interest of nationalists and rulers trying solidfy territorial control to construe their state as having an intrinsic form and construe historical periods where the political situation did not match this form as being anomalous (and usually very negative). This I think can be seen in the historiography of almost every state currently in existence, save those, like Canada, which are too new and whose creation was too clearly arbitrary to attach this kind mythologising to.

    China is just the most extreme example of a state where rather large temporal periods and large geographic areas’ histories have been lumped and flattened into an almost homogenous historical narrative, for the sake of either nationalism, or, probably more often, for the sake of simplification (keeping first year university world history text books to a manageable size). I mean this persistent idea that ‘China has 5000 years of history’ is probably the best example of how mythologised ‘Chinese’ history really is, as this figure is based on the life of a mythical culture hero. Something like using King Arthur as the date for the founding of England (or Britain), or modern Greeks insisting that their history began when Prometheus brought them fire.

    It’s not that doing this kind of thing is necessarily bad; creating the myth of ancient (or at least old) and intrinsic nation/civilisation may even be necessary if you’re a nationalist determined to ‘keep the nation together’. It’s just that it makes for bad, and rather boring formulaic history; interesting characters like Zhang Zuolin and the Zheng family of the late 1600s tend to get brushed over or forced into narratives that don’t quite fit.

    That said, if we use Steve’s definition of ‘warlord’, then both the Zhengs and Zhang would fit nicely.

    To contribute to the discussion on how widespread the dislike of Japan and Japanese people was in China, my experience was that in the PRC, it was a small but very vocal minority who had a problem with Japan. The young vs old divide I can’t comment on, as I talked to far more young people than old people. Worth noting though was it seemed to me to be socially acceptable to go off about how much you hated the Japanese in mixed company. Nipponophobia, I think, was more tolerated and perhaps prevalent therefore than, say, anti-semitism in North America. In the ROC, I don’t think I met anybody who was willing to admit they had a problem with the Japan. That was my experience.

  57. huaren Says:

    Hi Lime,

    From a practical standpoint, we can’t fault a normal American for thinking that the USA will last forever, and I think if you ask the population, they’d want this civilization to persist temporally and geographically in similar fashion. Further more, nothing wrong with that unless you want to conquer the world.

    If USA is invaded by Canada and a piece taken for some period of time, I imagine at a future time, the USA will fight back to reclaim that territory. This has always been humanity, I am afraid. You are certainly not espousing the idea it is OK to invade another country and take its territory, right? :)

    China’s Xia dynasty lasted 2070BC – 1600BC. The other dynasties are well documented. Maybe you could elaborate more about the creation of this “myth”?

    I agree there’s Nipponophobia in China – and in my view, obviously given Japan’s WW2 past. My grandfather told me his home was destroyed by Japanese bombers. Those who experienced WW2 Japanese atrocities are still alive today in China and Asia.

    Regarding the “Nipponophobia” being openly aired – I think a lot also has to do with the “politically-correct” culture that hasn’t hit China yet. Many would argue the politically correct culture in the “West” has pushed the true feelings on a lot of things underground. Btw, this was some other FM contributor / reader’s comment I read a while back.

  58. Dragan Says:


    Hi Haren, I did not see anything that does not support my views in the surveys you linked me too. If you think I overlooked something,please let me know

    Hi Raj, maybe I di not express myself clearly -japanese to bow was a figure os speach meaning that they should clearly admit the attrocities they have dione in China and Asia during and around WW2 and accordingly make some moves on the ground such as stop OFFICIALLY Yasukuni shrine in form of state arranged visit and re-work the history and school books.Your idea of joint books revision through concensus is great, but it should not mean meeting half way but meeting historical truth

    Re government tactics, I treid to explain above that in case of sino-japanese relations chinese government is a hostage to its people. There are no incentives for government to spoil such an important relation by unleashing unfriendly feelings toward Japan in its people. Actually, even sport events involving Japan and China are potential bombs and are usually preceded, and more so in recent times, with official appeal to local chinese crowds to behave friendly.And editorials urging “building a constructive relationship” with Japan, stressing cultural proximity, developed busines ties and other positive conotations of sino-japanese relations are common place. However, gov’t is pressured by masses not to loose face or be perceived as weak – especially toward the arch-enemy and competitor Japan – and you know that it is the worst that could happen to today’s Zhongnahai after “century of humiliation”.

  59. Wukailong Says:

    Where does the figure 5000 come from? From the various descriptions on when the Xia dynasty might have been founded, none goes further back than the year 2200. Doesn’t that make China 4000+ years old, rather than 5000? ;)

  60. Steve Says:

    @ Wukailong: I believe it goes back to Huangdi (Yellow Emperor) which makes the history actually a bit less than 5000 years, more like 4700.

  61. Wukailong Says:

    I was going to write in more detail about this since writing in China was most probably invented after the Xia dynasty. The oracle bone inscriptions come from the Shang dynasty which was founded around 3500 years ago. Xia and pre-Xia descends into myth because of the lack of written records. Not that I doubt their existence, but it certainly makes it difficult to date them.

  62. Chops Says:

    Quite a number of Japanese citizens of Chinese descent still live in Japan, and some of them lived in Nagasaki where the A-Bomb was dropped.

    Chinatowns in Japan

  63. Raj Says:

    huaren (57)

    Regarding the “Nipponophobia” being openly aired – I think a lot also has to do with the “politically-correct” culture that hasn’t hit China yet.

    What do you mean by “Nipponophobia” and “politically-correct”? I hope you’re not supporting the view put about previously that what we would call racism/xenophobia does not apply in China. If some Chinese people believe that Japanese are inferior or hate them purely because they are Japanese, they are racist.

    Maybe you mean something else, if so I’d like to hear what you mean.

    Dragan (58)

    If the Chinese government “has” to be anti-Japanese from time-to-time to placate public sentiment, I don’t understand how so many supporters of the current Chinese political system can argue with a straight face that it’s good because the government can ignore the people when they’re being overly emotional, intolerant, making bad choices for the country, etc. You’re suggesting that in many ways China’s political system has the worst of both worlds, because it forbids another party taking power/disallows direct elections for top positions, yet still panders to the public when they’re angry.

  64. huaren Says:

    Hi Dragan, #58,
    I meant to ask as favor if you have additional information perhaps you came across besides the PEW reports you could share with us. Not arguing with you. :)

    Hi Wukailong, #61,
    Ok, 3500 years almost seems as long as 5000 if we just look at Shang dynasty.

    Hi Raj, #63,
    Btw, you should ask Lime what he meant by “Nipponophobia” – this was the first time I’ve heard of it. I took it to mean many Chinese are openly criticizing Japan for their WW2 atrocities in a non-politically-correct way.

  65. Raj Says:

    I took it to mean many Chinese are openly criticizing Japan for their WW2 atrocities in a non-politically-correct way.

    And what does that mean?

  66. huaren Says:

    Hi Raj, #65,

    And are you going to keep asking “And what does that mean?” What are you looking for? Did Lime’s comments about some anecdotal things he heard some Chinese citizen say prove that they were racist?

    Don’t you get it – WW2 Japan’s crimes against Asia were atrocious. Since the country has not formally apologized, the victims are resentful of that fact. Are you trying to turn this simple fact on its head to now say the Chinese are racist against Japanese? If so, that’d be absurd.

  67. Lime Says:

    What I meant by ‘Nipponophobia’ was a generalised dislike of Japan and Japanese people as a nation, ethnicity, or race, however you may want to categorise it, akin to anti-semitism, that may or may not be inspired by Japanese history. It’s one thing when you have a problem with a state at the governmental level, but when you’re animosity extends to having a problem with the average Yoshi on the streets of Osaka simply because he’s Japanese, that’s what I’m talking about. Someone like the prof that Otto mentioned wishing to see all of Japan at the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean would fall into this category. There are certainly people like this in the PRC (I’ve met some of them), though I believe they’re a minority. Openly criticising Japan (the Japanese government rather), for WW2 atrocities in a non-politically correct way falls short of Nipponophobia, by my definition.

    As far as the political correctness goes, I think that’s a matter of how tolerant of society is of the Nipponophobes’ views. By comparison, there are certainly a minority of people in minority that have a problem with Jews in general, but it would be very rare for someone to state at a public event that they would be happy to see all the Jews in the world sent to the bottom of Atlantic, even if they did feel that way. Such does not seem to be the case in China, though, and I think huaren may be right in suggesting this is just a difference in the political correctness. We’re pretty touchy about hating on groups of people on this side of the Pacific, racial, ethnic, religious, national, or whatever.

  68. Jason Says:

    Who those who feel that Chinese government is overpushing their agenda for right-wing Japanese nationalists to come clean, what do you think of these comments:

    The chief priest of the shrine denies that they were war criminals, saying, “The winner passed judgment on the loser.”

    Also that [huaren: word deleted to keep forum civil] Koizumi said at Nov 2004 APEC meeting “It’s about time for [China's] graduation* [as a recipient of Japanese foreign aid payments],” implying that Japan intended unilaterally to end its 25-year-old financial aid program.

    *”graduation” also conveyed the insulting implication that Japan saw itself as a teacher guiding China, the student.

    Wen Jiabao went on to suggest that China had always regarded Japan’s foreign aid, which he said China did not need, as payments in lieu of compensation for damage done by Japan in China during the war. He pointed out that China had never asked for reparations from Japan and that Japan’s payments amounted to about $30 billion over 25 years, a fraction of the $80 billion Germany has paid to the victims of Nazi atrocities even though Japan is the more populous and richer country.

  69. Wukailong Says:

    @huaren (#64): Actually, I don’t want to be nitpicky about age… It’s amazing that China keeps using the beautiful writing system that was invented so long ago. The style of the characters have changed, but it’s been conserved far more than any European language has. 3500 or 5000 doesn’t really change anything. ;)

  70. huaren Says:

    Hi Wukailong,

    Then you might appreciate this rendition of a 3000 year old poem. :)

    3000 Year Poem: 关雎 Crying Ospreys (哈辉 Hahui)

  71. Raj Says:


    And are you going to keep asking “And what does that mean?” What are you looking for?

    I’m looking for a clarification as to what “not being politically correct” is, because in the past it was used to argue certain things that could be said to be racist in China were not racist but “not politically correct”.

    WW2 Japan’s crimes against Asia were atrocious. Since the country has not formally apologized, the victims are resentful of that fact. Are you trying to turn this simple fact on its head to now say the Chinese are racist against Japanese? If so, that’d be absurd.

    Japan has apologised – the Chinese PM said as much – even if you don’t feel it goes far enough. It isn’t racist to be feel unhappy about the war, but Lime’s definition of Nipponophobia in the first paragraph of post 67 would be racism.

  72. Dragan Says:


    Hi Raj, I was not arguing in favour of OR against chinese political system, but merely tried to give a perspective on the chinese side of sino-japanese relations.

    To respond to your question, supporters of chinese gov’t usually argue exactly the way you described. If the public opinion was in driving seat -especially the noiser part of public opinion- and public opinion is not friendly toward Japan, China would have likely be much harsher in its stance towatd Japan, leading to uncertainty that would stall development of bussines ties and military build up that might lead to a military confrontation sparked by one of the PERCEIVED “humiliating” and “insulting” acts on Japanese side. Luckily, public koopinion is not in the driving seat and government can develop ties with Tokyo and just occassionaly give the masses space to vent their anger – anger that would otherwise go against them for being to weak to stand up to “japanese devils” ( the very existence of this term tells you about the feelings imprinted in chinese psyche re japanese)

  73. huaren Says:

    Hi Raj, #71,

    “not being politically correct” means “not appropriate.” For example, instead of using “spokesman” for both a male or female, the “politically correct” term for it is “spokesperson.” Is there something else am I missing?

    Someone calling a woman a “spokesman” does not automatically mean that person is sexist, does it?

    Lime’s point that he thinks those Chinese people he has encountered who are racist are in the minority. That’s my view too.

    Okay, so I am not sure where you are going with this “Nipponophobia” thing. Are we done there? :)

  74. Dragan Says:


    Hi HUren,

    My views are based on variety of polls I have seen over last few years as well as personal experience of living in China and various literature

    re pols – I am sure you can google them out – for instance, some recent ones:


    and a very interesting one here


    and this academic one – only abstract – that I wish i could read through


  75. huaren Says:

    Hi Dragan, #72,

    I think you are exactly right. Good point. That’s vision and credit should be given to the CCP.

  76. huaren Says:

    Hi Dragan, #74,

    Thx for the links. I’ll take a look next chance I get. Ha, this last couple of exchanges feels like we are instant messaging.

  77. Raj Says:

    huaren @73

    The thing was that I couldn’t think of a “politically incorrect” expression that could be made about the Japanese that was not racist. But if you agree with Lime’s position then it’s a moot point and am glad you feel that way.

  78. Dragan Says:

    Yes, indded, quick exchange : ) where are you, btw?

  79. Wukailong Says:

    @huaren: Thanks for the link! Shi Jing is an amazing work. It’s also amazing how the modern language retains words like 淑女 after all those thousands of years.

  80. dewang Says:

    Hi Dragan, #74,

    Thx for the links again. Looks like there is a very long ways to go towards reconciliation. For the sake of the region, it must happen. I have always wondered what goes through the heads of the governments on both sides on this kind of issue. Its tough.

    Anyways, regarding Hatoyama’s positions – I honestly find it encouraging.

  81. Chops Says:

    “Japan’s new Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama vowed to face up to the bitter memories of his country’s wartime past that still stir distrust in Asia, an official said.

    Hatoyama made the pledge during a meeting with South Korean President Lee Myung-Bak on the sidelines of the United Nations General Assembly and ahead of a Group of 20 summit in Pittsburgh, said the Japanese government official.

    The leader of the center-left Democratic Party of Japan, has proposed that Japan build a new, non-religious state war memorial to serve as an alternative focus of national war remembrance to the controversial Yasukuni Shrine.

    During a meeting with Chinese President Hu Jintao on Monday, Hatoyama also said he would follow a landmark statement of apology for Japan’s wartime aggression issued in 1995 by then-prime minister Tomiichi Murayama — one of the few other left-leaning leaders in modern Japan.”


  82. dewang Says:

    Hi Chops, #81,

    Looks like the top leaders of Japan, China, ROK are meeting in October. Will be interesting to see what comes out of that.

  83. Alexander Simon Says:

    February 27th, 2010

    Prime Minister,
    Mr. Yukio Hatoyama,
    Relations Office,
    1-6-1 Nagata-cho,
    Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo,
    JAPAN, 100 – 8968.

    Mr. Alexander Simon,
    Sir William Place,
    Apartment #305c;
    Boonie Doon,
    8820-85 Street,
    Edmonton, Alberta,
    CANADA T6C 3C2
    E-Mail: alexandersimonea@gmail.com
    Telus Carrier Residential Phone: (780) 466-9719

    Dear Mr. Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama,

    I wish to convey the following complete Capsule of a Segment of The Nippon contribution to a Land Island mature and devoted to a peace-full and caring way un-seen by many Warrior and Sir; I thank the entire Land of Red-and-White I feel needs Military development so please consider this Review.




    In the year the USS Skipjack was launched government hands were changing; the National Defence Research Division of the Central Intelligence Agency; the War Production Board refuted the Mayor in Petrozavodsk in Soviet Union Capital of the American Embassy sifting and analouging information similar as in central Headquarters in Washington, D.C.

    The US Skipjack was in Bay in India near for nine months, again; sifting for Communist enemy against US interest.

    In the Tenali Capital the elected Democrat US President vetoed an Alliance with India’s President; in response President US Dwight Donald Eisenhower Gen. Attache to the Central Intelligence Agency Top Hound for his second Congressional Win for The Democratic Party organized in Austin, Texas; Congress assured San Juan by tax evasion and colonizing the South American Peninsula and the US Skipjack patrolled the waters for three years when Norway struck an oil vein capping $2-Billion in Norwegian pay from $7-Million in Norwegian invest, including a years’ pay in full to the oil service.

    Military mobilization procured an aftermath with the US Treasury Department revealed their partner-in-trading Norway’s President Oscar Fredrik Torp newly elected for term Two vetoed a signed pact that allowed and ‘oil embargo’ preventing Moscow from securing and according the Politburo Alaska State also struck oil that same year insuring Canada particularly Alberta met one years’ fuel to power all homes and a portion of vehicles of the same period.

    Whilst Premier Nikila Samuel Khruschev ordered through Moscow military and up-to-date, highly refined class of submarine: UU(n) -Hurricane to explore Norway’s in-coming oil transport to the US, the British, all English counterpart submarine class also newly engineered MS-Explorer-MM(e) maidened for a ‘Cold THUNDERHEAD War’ in response to oil need and a US rejection for a Communist supply-trade as a partner.

    To retaliate for British wealth; the nuclear generated Explorer Submarine with ‘C’-Class guarded near Norwegian sea for near three years when submerged for the last time!


    The British Navy’s new Class Y MS-Explorer-T11(e) that maidened for ‘War-Conflict’ collapsed during a torpedoing against the Hurricane set by Norway’s Northern Ocean; the Turbine on Registry by The Rolls-Royce Affirmary was designed for all military air-craft including the all new then Mig-22(e)-Turbo-driven-Valve-10-Cylinder Messerschmidt 99.

    Within the Turbine a Per-O-Xide-9 Hydro-Fuel-22(b) now used by Shell in North American Space Administration for flight testing of new designs to patent all military in The U.S.; ignited when the Torpedo-99(a) ‘oxidized’; this over heated; the Head Crew-man a Pier Nyiermann; who invented another scan for incoming ‘pedos signalled by Sonar-On-Ward-Sight for enemy in-coming fire!!

    The U.S. Designed this new S.O.N.A.R. to ‘flight’ all enemy by a Doppler Relay; by a Wave-Image on a frequency near 80,000-Mega-Hertz and the wave-length sends an Oscillary to ‘pattern’ an enemy map such as N.A.S.A. employs to locate an in-coming Intercontinental Ballistic Missile not recognized by the Northern Organization of Range Defence.


    In Japan there was a grand Submarine called the Hiro-10 and this Sub’ was created here in Edmonton by Proxy as proven in The Provincial Archives. The year was 1949 when The Hiro last swam well under the blue Pacific and it fought heroically and was sunk by error as early China decided Japan was Enemy to their Shipping of cotton and gun-powder needed for clothing the populace and cannon on land with underdeveloped Naval support.

    The Hurricane was in the area of the South Pacific in October 1946 when the Hiro-10 of Nagasaki south rammed into Her Bow!! This mishap crushed four women aboard unfortunately; one was expectant with a boy; the Emperor’s son! In the heat of repair and S.O.S. five Destroyers all British including the HMS-99(n); on board the Captain was reported near crying due to the billowing hail of flame; and again, the Hiro near sunk.!

    This grande Sub’ was part US owned by Delaware and proved a true Allie.

    When the US realized the Submarine Hiro was almost submerged with dismay; about 15 Frigates ascended by ‘Copter – all Navy Of Seal!!

  84. 8 Says:

    Hello every1.
    Im new on forum i hope i’ll enjoy my stay :)

  85. Alexander Simn Says:

    “Raw American War” a TRUE Recollection Writer Mr. Alexander Simon!

    The Historical look at a great American Warrior!!;

    Scene One: The President’s need to end World War Two!!

    “General of the Army Douglas MacArthur (26 January 1880 – 5 April 1964) was an American general and field marshal of the Philippine Army who was Chief of Staff of the United States Army during the 1930s and played a prominent role in the Pacific theater during World War II. He received the Medal of Honor;” is stated for all War in care for the American Name here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Douglas_MacArthur!! His first interest on securing Midway in Okinawa, Japan was; … “at age 50, the youngest of the U.S. Army’s major generals, and the best known. He left the Philippines on 19 September 1930 and for a brief time was in command of the IX Corps Area in San Francisco;” and was interested in American and Japanese coverage of any communist threat to either Nation!!

    If the Second World War … “The attack on Pearl Harbor[nb 4] was a surprise military strike conducted by the Imperial Japanese Navy against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on the morning of December 7, 1941 (December 8 in Japan). The attack led to the United States’ entry into … The onset of the Great Depression forced Congress to make cuts in the Army’s personnel and budget and … “United States Army Forces in the Far East (USAFFE) was a military formation of the United States Army active from 1941 to 1946. The new command’s headquarters was created on July 26, 1941, at No. 1, Calle Victoria, Manila, Luzon, the Philippines, with General Douglas MacArthur as commander. The Chief of Staff was Brigadier General Richard K. Sutherland and the Deputy Chief of Staff was Lieutenant Colonel Richard J. Marshall. The core of this command (including MacArthur, Marshall, and Sutherland) was drawn from the Office of the Military Advisor to the Commonwealth Government.
    Creation of this command led to the subordination of the headquarters of the Philippine Department of the US Army, as a service command, since planning and tactical control were now under USAFFE control;” to squash all communists there!!

    According to … “The Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. It involved the vast majority of the world’s nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis”; combined a World Strike!! The proof is only communists were killed!! Did … “The Mitsubishi A6M Zero was a long-range fighter aircraft, manufactured by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, and operated by the Imperial Japanese Navy from 1940 to 1945;” flight a long range mission to Hawaii? When the Course would take nine solid weeks??

    While, “The Supreme War Council … Yamagata Aritomo;” refused Japanese surrender; a true Empire of Japan; refused his Surrender for the AXIS!!
    “On August 6, 1945, the United States dropped an atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima. Late in the evening of August 8, 1945, for more territory including Tokyo!! The annuals state … “Operation Downfall was the codename for the Allied plan for the invasion of Japan near the end of World War II. The planned operation was abandoned when Japan surrendered; and a young Douglas MacArthur; “…had an ultra secret Purple cipher machine, which decrypted Japanese diplomatic messages, and partial codebooks for the latest JN-25 naval code;” and Tomoyuki Yamashita as Imperial Japanese Army general; planned an all-out defense of Kyūshū, by stolen codes American. Due to growing resentment “In July 1944, President Roosevelt summoned MacArthur to meet with him in Hawaii “to determine the phase of action against Japan.” On 6 August 1945, during the final stages of World War II, it became the first aircraft to drop an atomic bomb. The bomb, code-named “Little Boy”, was targeted at the city of Hiroshima;” according to non media sources!! If the Serial Code: 44-86292; was not Austin, Texan; was “The Pentagon is the headquarters of the United States Department of Defense, aware; “The Enola Gay;” The B-29 Super fortress is a four-engine propeller-driven heavy bomber can fly 20,000-miles “short of Japan” from Honolulu; the closest lift-off to launch a Armageddon? The “plan;” was too short!!

  86. Alexander Simoln Says:

    教皇ベネディクト 16 世ヨゼフラツィンガー: 神聖な洗礼そして神聖な確認をしてくださいホルヘ マリオ Bergogliob 伝える
    法皇カトリック教会; の名誉この手紙の本当の法律;かどうかイタリアの受け入れに任意の男は神聖な結婚の秘跡の別の入力に法的コミットメントを持っている?

    “• 同性愛は 1969 年に免罪された前に、人々 定期的にで起訴された総わいせつ – 同性愛者–しかしほとんどプライベートな合意の上の行為のため、ほとんど常に適用料金。1975 年に総わいせつの有罪判決を受けた 65 人刑務所にあった。
    • Klippert は、1971 年 7 月 21 日に刑務所からリリースされました。」この記事は下院の水を保持する場合、なぜ同じカップル同伴真の結婚許可証?アルバータ州では受け入れられませんが.「2005 年 7 月 20 日、にカナダなった世界で 4 番目の国と民事婚法の制定と全国の同性結婚を合法化へヨーロッパ外最初の国”本当のカナダの魅力を無視しては、政府、結婚の定義を修正する権限を持ちますが、カナダ憲章の権利と自由の平等の規定によってそのような変更が必要かどうかは判断しなかったカナダの最高裁判所を支配しました。偉大な男の異性愛.”のプレミアのアルバータ、Ralph Klein 実行されたり、アルバータ州で認識の同性結婚を防ぎたいと思った !心のこもった食欲と Albertan のヘテロ母女性は彼を気遣うことのための勝たれたヘテロ リーダーシップ !うそは人の男性か女性、レズビアンの肛門に肥やすことができますまたは同性愛者が規制されていない権利または自由であらゆる主要な勇ましい、強大な Albertan-これまで!市民結婚女性や紳士はきれいと違法性が共通の糞を知っている人です !
    場合故意と奇妙なセックス行為はカナダ祝われる;ない私の神聖な洗礼を施されると神聖なローマ カトリック レジストリの確認 !奇妙なカナダのきれいな水を飲むラッキーです !~
    アルバータ; を除く民事婚の行為 (完全なタイトル:「市民の目的のための結婚のための法的能力特定側面を尊重する行為」) カナダの同性結婚を合法化法案はだった。法案が法律になった時、すでにされて同じ同性結婚を合法化していました。もう一度 (と性病言及されていない) この問題のためのインパルスだけから発生しません民事裁判所。教会の数は、キリスト教のコミュニティ、同性愛者の叙階の可能性と同じセックス組合の祝福の知恵で同性愛者の役割を議論されています。すべてのアルバータの中央対立は肛門性交から生まれた赤ちゃんですか?ここを与えるカナダ腕運動モビリティ権によって、セクションを入力して、カナダの終了とその境界内での移動の個々 の練習を指します。セクションはセクション 1 オークスを無効化することはできませんなく、テスト対象の句にかかわらず。ない他の州;セクション 33。
    (1) 議会または州の議会が明示的宣言国会制定法や、議会のよう場合があります、; の規定にかかわらず、行為またはその準備を操作しなければなりません。2000 年 3 月アルバータ立法府渡される州の結婚の行為 [10] 結婚の反対のセックスだけの定義を含める改正法案 202 と同様、チャーターの課題から定義を絶縁するために句にかかわらず。新しい首相の座の新しい政治集会で電話で呼んだ今日 !何が欠けている独身リーダーシップすべて異性愛です !
    I ‘ m!投票アレキサンダー サイモン異性愛方法 !貴重なお時間をいただき、ありがとうございます !
    投票 ME IN: alexandersimonea@google.ca/国際証明書カナダ G.O.H. # 02 700-1/加筆国立

  87. Alexander Simoln Says:

    クリストファー ・ ブルーム ノエル社長さん
    カバジェロ ビデオ

    コールドウォーター キャニオン アベニュー北
    ヒイラギの木, カリフォルニア州, アメリカ 7230

    1 (818) 765-6400

    大統領閣下ブルーム: 通常私は表示しないでくださいポルノ。インターネットの定義を発生させますを.”ポルノ (多くの場合「ポルノ」または「ポルノ」非公式の使用法と略す) (ギリシャ語: πορνεία、porneia、姦淫) は性的興奮の目的のための性的な主題の明示的な描写です。ポルノなどのメディア、書籍、雑誌、ポストカード、写真、彫刻、図面、絵画、アニメーション、録音、フィルム、ビデオ、およびビデオ ゲームの様々 なを使用できます。という言葉は行為自体よりもむしろ行為の描写に、とてもセックス ショーとストリップのようなライブの展覧会は含まれません。”私は同意なし光沢セックスを見つけます。サー !

    、別のボード英語学 Charmain 卒業、ハーバード大学とプリンストン、後教授のサンフランシスコ州立大学;氏ジェームズ ・ バートン マクミランとさらに教授英語のアラバマ州で開催された彼の定義: (によると、

    サー。として、常に私は完全のローマ カトリックのまま !違法な未成年者お断りから利益映画すべての大人の雑誌のプロモーションなど、どのように”私を断つ; いくつかの熟女を知っている必要があります。プラチナ猫オールスターズや二重の剥製。ライセンスを購入する一般的な大人があるか。このセクション 2257年が登録されている;私はレズビアンと非コンドーム セックス悪いと誰かのエンターテイメントを見つけるのおかげで、!

    ごとに、読む: タイトル 19 はメディケイドを指します。このタイトルで説明した項目は、子供と高齢者保険プログラムです。資格と特典情報を提供していますポルノとは無関係です。最後の主要な関心をポリシングの場合はセクション 2257年: 米国コードのタイトル 18 では、刑法および刑法のアメリカ合衆国の連邦政府の。それは連邦犯罪と刑事手続を扱っています。まだセクション 2257年の説明なし。プロキシは、明白でない削除をがあります。明確なのサイバー マイク株式会社、
    448 空腹港の道、北 Woodmere、
    ニューヨーク、ニューヨーク 11581、米国;ポルノに明確ではない !コーネル大学法律学校ははっきり示す誰生成本、雑誌、定期刊行物、フィルム、ビデオテープ、デジタル画像、デジタルまたはコンピューター-操作の現実の人間が、図、または他の問題;…”しなければならないを作成してこのような視覚的描写で描かれているすべての実行者に係る個人の記録を維持する”(真の出生証明書を含む社会保障カード保健インデックス カードとの場合では手の免許各ポルノの録音を進んで !(私冷静に表示なし利用可能)。18 USC セクション 2257年は私氏ドリュー Sabol に未知、研究者によって論議されます。彼の非議会で承認されたマニュアル彼 14 バーネル小さな滝ニューヨークのストリート (13365) からの状態のための呼び出しが到着 (315) 520-8432;サディスティックな虐待がすべての描写と、ビューアーで性的なパニックを引き出すために意図されていることを示すここで今までに受理しないの首都アルバータ。よると、彼のタイトルのマニュアルのすべてを知りたいセクション 2257 について;beastality 大会では、[ok] と見なされます !
    この男の信頼性を拒否する !
    「ポーズ」いたずらよりも悪い; ‘画像’ 中に
    親愛なる 12 歳を行いません。

  88. Alexander Simon Says:

    Porno di Marylin Monroe. Come l’immagine registrata ci continua ad ingannare
    Ven, 2011-07-22 11:43 — Francesco
    Su Corriere.it leggo un articolo dal titolo “Marylyn girò un film porno. All’asta per 500.000 dollari” sotto titolo “sei minuti in tutto, girati in bianco e nero nel ’46 quando l’attrice aveva 20 anni. Offerte da tutto il mondo”.
    Clicco sul video di presentazione, con immagini di repertorio di Marylin Monroe ovviamente vestita, e poi vedo l’immagine di Marylin semi nuda su un letto. E’ a colori. Probabilmente ritoccata.
    Poi vado su google e scrivo Marylin Monroe. Trovo moltissime foto. Quasi tutte patinate, fatte in studio. Solo una, probabilmente un fake, di lei da morta
    questa riportata qui.

    La cosa mi ha fatto riflettere. L’immagine catturata ruba l’anima, dicevano gli Indiani d’America, nelle fasi finali del loro sterminio, in quell’olocausto dimenticato che é stata la conquista dell’America, operato dagli emigranti europei. Questi ultimi fotografavano con una certa frequenza. Poco meno di quella con cui uccidevano chi si frapponeva ai loro desideri. L’immagine statica ha rapito l’essere umano. Indubbiamente ne é difficile restarne indifferenti. Pensare che possa esistere un modo per fermare il tempo e catturare l’attimo dev’essere stata un’esperienza molto intensa per chi é cresciuto al momento della sua sperimentazione e diffusione. Oggi si tende invece a considerare la fotografia come l’immagine video quale parte integrante della natura e della nostra vita sociale. C’è. Lo sappiamo. Le foto coi cellulari le facciamo quasi tutti. Te la posso addirittura mandare in un clic.
    L’aspetto interessante di questa notizia di Marylin secondo me é il rapporto tra pulsione sessuale e realtà. Uno dei modi più chiari di rivelarsi dell’inganno é proprio il suo presentarsi come reale giocando sugli istinti e sull’esperienza del reale di cui siamo propri. Marylin era una bella donna, farmi vedere un video o una foto dove questa bella donna si mostra nuda attira la mia vista automaticamente. Mi inganna però. In un modo subdolo cui riconosciamo poco le conseguenze invece inevitabili. Mi inganna perché Marylin adesso é realisticamente polvere. Forse qualche osso. Se fossimo rimasti allo stato di natura nemmeno quello. Ma avendo creato le casse da morto, i loculi, il marmo, qualcosa resta rispetto all’azione naturale dell’ossigeno e dei batteri.
    Il fatto che ora si venda un video porno di Marylin Monroe é molto post moderno. Qualcuno direbbe così. Altri starebbero ore a disquisire se è più post moderno o post post moderno o un’altra parola da coniare.
    A mio parere é semplicemente ingannevole.
    Vedi tramite un supporto, ad esempio il dvd, in grado di presentare su un altro supporto, ad esempio il televisore, l’immagine in movimento di persone che fanno sesso. In realtà lo facevano. L’hanno fatto. Addirittura nel 1946.
    Le conseguenze di questo processo comunicativo, come sempre per gli esseri umani, sono sottovalutate. Prima facciamo, perché possiamo, poi semmai vedremo le conseguenze.
    Io ragiono esattamente all’inverso. Un porno di Marylin Monroe per me é un inganno basato sulle nostre tecnologie e la nostra capacità di fregarcene di come realmente stanno le cose. Se solo per un attimo uscissimo dall’illusione di quella donna bella per come ce la mostrano ancora in tutte le immagini e entrassimo nella realtà di un qualcosa che non esiste più, di, al massimo, ossa e polvere, le conseguenze sarebbero diverse dal pagare 500.000 dollari per averne la proprietà di quelle immagini.
    La capacità dell’essere umano di fermare l’esperienza, o credere di farlo, con l’immagine statica e poi con quella in movimento, nasce a mio parere dalla necessità di perpetuare l’illusione di vivere fuori dai meccanismi della natura in cui, nella realtà, nasciamo e cresciamo. Tramite l’enorme mole di immagini di Marylin viva, com’era, noi la stiamo illusoriamente “tenendo in vita” alimentando, ci diciamo, il suo ricordo. Non è così. Noi favoriamo la memorizzazione della sua immagine. Il ricordo é una cosa un po’ diversa. Io posso alimentare il ricordo, che non a caso la natura rende sempre più flebile, di una persona conosciuta, di cui ho fatto esperienza diretta. Se Marilyn Monroe io l’ho conosciuta solo in immagini, alimento il ricordo di quelle immagini. Quelle immagini non sono Marylin Monroe. Sono immagini di Marilyn Monroe.
    Alla luce di questa devianza e passione per l’illusione gli esseri umani hanno a mio parere confuso il ricordo della realtà col ricordo della rappresentazione della realtà. Questo comporta inevitabilmente delle conseguenze, poco simpatiche. Se io sono certo di sapere chi era Marilyn Monroe perché ho letto biografie e visto sue foto, io sto dicendo una bugia. Io conosco le rappresentazioni di Marilyn Monroe, il racconto di esse, non di certo Marilyn Monroe. Noi non siamo le nostre rappresentazioni anche se siamo abituati a credere all’inganno al punto tale da giurare il contrario. Noi non siamo nemmeno l’immagine riflessa nello specchio. Noi siamo. Poi lo specchio riflette quel che può del nostro essere e noi vi identifichiamo una figura, finita, tratteggiabile e fotografabile. Il porno girato nel 1946 da Marilyn Monroe a ventanni sarà visto in dvd da ventenni del 2012 che magari potrebbero addirittura innamorarsi di quell’immagine così bella e sensuale che la natura di ha dato in migliaia di altre forme presenti, oggi. Però sogneranno Marilyn e magari qualcuno arriverà addirittura alla perversione di chiedere alla sua ragazza di mettersi come Marilyn o di truccarsi come Marilyn perché nel momento in cui ha visto quel video, Marilyn era davvero bellissima.

    The above is not a clear understanding on a former brief marriage from a American named Mr. Joseph Diamagoio and a his wife then Ms Marilyn Monroe or Norma Jean Briton not and birth name!! What is clear is that the United States of America of Defense found a Card Serial No.# 12927780; as a true identity of Ms Monroe and not her husband then!! Moreover; the Issue date is not of Austin, Texas AMERICA!! However; the marriage for proof needs a reason if a former baseball athlete was a Hebrew?
    As a Roman Catholic Holy Baptisted and Holy Confirmed and Registered; I detective the following; this lady in motion pictures never bed wed Mr. Diamagoio ever!!
    As I stated a non Catholic although Mr Joe has no purple where men of Roman are oh … “DiMaggio, a heavy smoker for much of his adult life, was admitted to Memorial Regional Hospital in Hollywood, Florida, on October 12, 1998, for lung cancer surgery, and remained there for 99 days.[39] He returned to his Florida home on January 19, 1999, where he died on March 8.” And some latent media suggest a lady of blue non married to a Hebrew looking ball player died in 1962 following a venue with Mr. Frank Sinatara’s Rat Pack!! Boo!!
    Read and reveal http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joe_DiMaggio!! And remember I am a Registered Roman Catholic not a Hebrew for Christ the lower commie!! Like my father Mr. Alec Simon murdered; yet unlike a playboy Hebrew who married a lady of kept Hungarian Reputation as my German Dad; these two perhaps never entered legal matrimony! And I feel Ms Jean was pressured by a weaker member of the opposite sex to force his advances on her Reputation!!
    “The New York Yankees are an American professional baseball team based in the Bronx borough of New York City;” never had one pennant; only TEXAS and the RAIDERS stole the SHOW!!
    A Holly-Wolly is not OUR ALBERTAN SCENE – NEVER!!
    Baseball is cool and undermininging to me!!
    Ms Monroe is Kool and racy and needing a husband all Catholic too!!
    By reading any true inquiry who was the legal Council that divorced Mr. Diamagoio and never begat a son nor daughter to a Major famous lady Marilyn? The Coronor;s report has no mention of former husband as said and as a Catholic mention why not help his former wife?
    http://biographyworld.net/Marilyn_Monroe_Biography.htm states a conclusion: … “circumstances surrounding her death have led many to believe that her death was not a suicide.”
    I truly as a Roman Catholic agree!! A beautiful talented Major Star of 21 Academy leading roles to end her own life?
    Shame is the man who never remained married to a clean talent!!

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