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Jan 27

Rand’s 2005 report on China

Written by guest on Wednesday, January 27th, 2010 at 11:36 am
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Two items to discuss.

1. Have China changed in last 5 years? In other words, how true are the concepts for China today?

2. How good is the Babylon translator?

The English version (translated from Chinese) comes first and then follows by the Chinese version.

———

The United States the Rand Corporation on the Chinese people evaluation
The United States the Rand Corporation is a well-known non-profit research institutions, to the United States official “objective analysis and effective solution. Recently, they public more of a China-U.S. relations analysis report, that is a positive, has a strict criticism, it is worth people of the country reflection. This article Rand Corporation from Asia-Pacific Policy Center.

read as follows:
If the twentieth century of China is a rich and the national unity, we will have a completely different the First World War, we will not have the Second World War but 2 European wars. China can prevent Japanese aggression or defeated Japan. The United States ahead and the cost from fundamental sense, a much reduced since Pearl Harbor incident will not occur. We and the whole world, not to mention 1 billion Chinese people, a century, has to China’s weak paid a heavy price. The world needs a healthy China.

China’s demand to Japan out recession last year. Japan situation to the world economic risks. On this point, I’m are not 誇 Zhang. The Japanese high levels of debt will produce domino domino effect, gradually spread to the world. In the help of China’s strong, and the danger seems to have over the past. China globalization to the United States has brought a lot of impact. The most obvious is that China has become the largest U.S. goods market.

Coca-Cola has already accomplished its that look like the myth: sell 1 billion Coca-Cola bottle; once ridiculed dream of China in the common Chinese sell a lot of Buick auto, in a difficult time the profit China 占 General profit by a substantial part of it; China’s legend IBM purchase PC business, and save the dying sector jobs. China to provide more low-price the necessities of life for the Americans live in water standards has made great contribution, particularly for we are not well the residents of well-off. There are indications that because it can purchase of China’s low-price export goods, low-income Americans’ lives in water standards may increase the 5 to 10 per cent.

China’s financial system not reasonable means that the Chinese construction of dying enterprise, resulting in large excess capacity. In recent years, China’s financial policy volatile lead to the excessive construction of iron, aluminum and cement and other raw materials produced a huge demand. Japanese and Chinese now there seems to be purchase of world of all things, but when you see their financial situation of the when potential problems, you will find a black hole. The Japanese in the 1990s into such a black hole, and is still in efforts to crawl out. China

A lot of people after years will still be for the current such uncontrolled and fanatical felt very sad purchase acts.
At present, China faces enormous challenges. The Bank of China as we know the worst in the World Bank. China each generation, there are quite large scale population in the United States for the rural areas to urban areas. Each year, have 1200 ~ 13 million new workers to join work force. In in the industry, and the productivity to employment effects than our country to a more serious. By 2020, China’s population aging will make the working population and not working population ratio the world’s largest worse than the Japanese even worse. If there was no magic new policies, China’s economic during that period will be severely over a wall. The Year 2020, to our standard standards, it will be a very poor countries.
Chinese lack of good faith and social responsibility. The Chinese do not understand its them as social individual should state and social responsibilities and obligations. ordinary Chinese people generally 只 interest in their families and relatives, the Chinese cultural is built on the family lineage hill and not on a rational social. The Chinese 只 in their immediate families, as well-being of their own unrelated the suffering people turning a blind eye. There is no doubt that this kind of blood as hill based ethics selfish would inevitably lead to cold, such a selfish and cold had become a barrier China Social Development The most crucial factor.

China has never had become a rule of law, because the Chinese ways of thinking and law-abiding conduct incompatible. The Chinese to take a shortcut. They do not understand such a fact that success is coming from and hard work and sacrifice. The Chinese tendency and not to obtain 于. They need to understand why one principle that life is not really said how many of you, you can be obtained from the you can be given to social and your fellow human beings.

Most Chinese who have never learned what had been a decent and honorable to life. Chinese people have generally do not know how to personal and social well-being of productive life. subconscious about that the Chinese regard their lives to elevate their own thus enjoy other people’s awareness. In this way, a person is to keep” face” would be satisfied negligible desire. ” face” is a Chinese psychological the basic components, and it has become the Chinese people to the insurmountable obstacles hindering the Chinese accept the truth and try a meaningful life.

This should be condemned habits and characteristics of the Chinese life of a relentless and selfish characteristics, and it has become the main reason behind China.
The Chinese lacked the courage pursue their view, the correct thing. First, they have not from the error screened right things of capabilities, for their thoughts have been greed has occupied. Further, even if they can filter the correct, and they also lacked courage the truth into practice.
The Chinese accustomed to cheap and free of charge things, they are always dream miracle or good luck, because they are not willing to make efforts, they always wanted free-rider. There is little Chinese aware of the fact that prestige and achievements through a step by step is hard work and sacrifice, do not pay no income. In short, if it is to make a living, the

A personal 只 have to obtain; but if that is to make a living, one must need to go to dedication.
In the poverty and environment as a result of growth and lack proper education, most Chinese do not know how the elegant demeanor and basic courtesy. Most of them to dress clumsy crude but does not feel shy. They in the youth, because the education of how from others and lying about the solicitation, rather than to and others to share their own.
China is a rich in natural resources. But unlimited fertility policy making China bring adverse consequences of unlimited cheap labor in exporting countries. The output also include those educated labor output, apart from their education water standards but in reality and other general coolie not fundamentally the difference.

China’s large-scale production of cheap products reduced the importation of these products in the region commercial credit ratings. due to inadequate technologies, the management failures in China for the unit of energy use than developed countries like Japan, the United States are much higher. Therefore, with exports increased by China in expanding production and losing his precious energy. At the same time, that such acts also seriously polluted the environment, the China into the world’s most are unfit for human living.

Currently, China is suffering from a capitalist 2 evil torture, namely, the environmental destruction and human lost. Because the Chinese people born to be the greed in the nature, they can say without reservation the accept capitalism’s dark side of endless pursuit of profit overlook the human dignity. The Chinese people’s Western technology and products fanatical pursuit, but the Western management culture has emphasized the frank, direct and honest these qualities indifference.
The Chinese culture does not encourage risk-taking such good quality, so Chinese try to avoid risk-taking, they do not want to find opportunities to improve their living. The Chinese people living the balance of nature and significance and are not interested, and instead more obsessed with the request of material, this point is far better than Westerners. Most Chinese discovered they do not know,” Ling,” freedom belief” and “Mental Health” such a concept, because their ideological and cannot attain a life (S.: the physical and spiritual co-exist) the presence of a higher level. They thought remain focused on animal instincts of sexual and food that poor desire greed

In the Chinese eyes, education is not in order to search for truth or improving quality of life and the 只 identity and prominence is the symbol and Che subject. China’s intellectuals from others that about to respect and not because of their to other people’s well-being done nothing about, and the 只 because they were possession of a considerable knowledge. In fact, most of them 只 were just a group understands only concern but has never examination truth and moral patrons.

China’s education system has become a large extent as a failure and stigma. It is not capable of serving 于 education, which should the articles: society. The education system cannot be provided to many useful individual. It is 只 in building a group opportunists, it is eager to benefit from the offered by society without concern benefits return.
China can develop a large number of high-level to talent, but very little can develop a qualified to independent chairmanship of management-level expert. serve a company or the social that technology is not enough; there is also have the courage, courage, integrity and honesty leadership, that is precisely what is lacking most Chinese character. As Arthur Smith, a famous of Western missionaries a century ago pointed out that the Chinese people most lacks is not wisdom, courage and integrity of the rather than pure temperament. The evaluation, although after 100 years, but still standards are diagnosed SARS China cause.

Most Chinese abroad for the selection of graduates to work abroad will not feel guilty, in fact, they owed to the Chinese people on education for their sacrifices. As the traditional cultural values of destruction and gradually weak, most of the Chinese people, including educated people wandering in inner spirit and the intersection, like lost dogs, did not know where to go.

———

美國蘭德公司對中國人的評價
美國蘭德公司是一家著名的非盈利的研究機構,為美國官方提供“客觀的分析和有效的解決方案”。最近,他們公佈了一份對中國現狀分析報告,即有肯定,也有嚴厲批評,值得國人反省。本文觀點來自蘭德公司亞太政策中心。

原文如下:
如果20世紀的中國是一個富裕和統一的國家,我們會有一個完全不同的第一次世界大戰,我們就不會有第二次世界大戰而是第二次歐洲大戰。中國能夠阻止日本侵略或者打敗日本。美國在這些衝突上的花費從根本意義上會減少很多,因為珍珠港事件不會發生。我們和整個世界,更不用說10億中國人,一個多世紀以來,已經為中國的弱小付出了慘重的代價。世界需要一個健康的中國。

中國的需求對日本走出衰退起到了促進作用。日本狀況給世界經濟帶來了風險。關於這一點,怎麼說都不誇張。日本巨額的債務會產生多米諾骨牌效應,逐漸波及到全世界。在中國有力的幫助下,危險似乎已經過去。中國全球化給美國帶來了很多影響。最明顯的是,中國成為美國商品最大的市場。

可口可樂早就完成了那個看上去像是神話的目標:賣10億瓶可口可樂;曾經嘲笑中國夢的通用在中國賣了很多的別克汽車,在困難時期,中國帶來的利潤占通用利潤的很大一部分;中國聯想購買IBM個人電腦業務,挽救了這個垂死部門的工作崗位。中國提供更低價的生活必需品給美國人的生活水準做出了很大的貢獻,尤其是對我們不是那麼富裕的居民而言。有跡象表明由於能夠購買中國低價的出口貨物,低收入美國人的生活水準可能提高了5%到10%。

中國金融體系的不合理意味著中國建造了垂死企業,導致巨大的生產力過剩。近些年來,中國財政政策上的反復無常導致過度建造,對鐵、鋁、水泥和其他原材料產生了巨大的需求。日本人和現在的中國人看上去似乎會買下世界上所有的東西,但是當你看到他們的財政狀況的潛在問題時,你會發現一個黑洞。日本人在90年代陷入了這樣一個黑洞,至今還在努力地爬出來。中國

人很多年後仍將會為目前這種無節制的狂熱的購買行為感到心痛。
目前,中國面臨著巨大的挑戰。中國的銀行是我們所知道的世界上最糟糕的銀行。中國每一代,都有相當於美國規模的人口從農村湧入城市。每年,都有 1200~1300萬新工人加入就業大軍。在製造業,生產力對就業的影響比我們國家要嚴重得多。到2020年,中國人口老齡化會使工作人口與不工作人口的比率成為世界上最糟糕的,比日本更甚。如果沒有特效的新政策的話,中國的經濟在那個時期就會狠狠地撞牆。到2020年,以我們的標準來看,它會是一個非常窮的國家。
中國人缺乏誠信和社會責任感。中國人不瞭解他們作為社會個體應該對國家和社會所承擔的責任和義務。普通中國人通常只關心他們的家庭和親屬,中國的文化是建立在家族血緣關係上而不是建立在一個理性的社會基礎之上。中國人只在乎他們直系親屬的福址,對與自己毫不相關的人所遭受的苦難則視而不見。毫無疑問,這種以血緣關係為基礎的道德觀勢必導致自私,冷酷,這種自私和冷酷已經成為阻礙中國社會向前發展的最關鍵因素。

中國從來就沒有成為一個法制社會,因為中國人的思維方式與守法行為格格不入。中國人老想走捷徑。他們不明白這樣一個事實:即成就來自於與努力工作和犧牲。中國人傾向于索取而不給予。他們需要明白一個道理:生活的真蒂不在於你你索取多少而在於你能給予社會和你的人類同胞多少。

大多數中國人從來就沒有學到過什麼是體面和尊敬的生活意義。中國人普遍不懂得如何為了個人和社會的福址去進行富有成效的生活。潛意識裏,中國人視他們的生活目的就是抬高自己從而獲得別人的認知。這樣一來,一個人就會對”保有面子”這樣微不足道欲望感到滿足。”面子”是中國人心理最基本的組成部分,它已經成為了中國人難以克服的障礙,阻礙中國人接受真理並嘗試富有意義的生活。

這個應受譴責的習性使得中國人生來就具有無情和自私的特點,它已成為中國落後的主要原因。
中國人沒有勇氣追求他們認為正確的事情。首先,他們沒有從錯誤中篩選正確事物的能力,因為他們的思想被貪婪所佔據。再有,就算他們有能力篩選出正確的事情,他們也缺乏勇氣把真理化為實踐。
中國人習慣接受廉價和免費的事物,他們總是夢想奇跡或者好運,因為他們不願意付出努力,他們總想不勞而獲。很少有中國人明白一個事實,就是威望和成就是通過一步步努力的工作和犧牲實現的,不付出就沒有所得。簡單來說,如果是為了謀生,那

一個人只有去索取;但如果是為了生活,一個人必須要去奉獻。
由於在貧窮的環境下生長並且缺少應有的教育,大多數中國人不懂得優雅的舉止和基本的禮貌。他們中的大多數人著裝笨拙粗鄙卻不感到害羞。他們在青少年時所受的教育就是如何說謊並從別人那裏索取,而不是去與別人去分享自己的所有。
中國是一個物產豐富的國家。但無限制生育政策所帶來惡果使得中國成為了無限廉價勞動力的輸出國。這些輸出也包括那些受過教育的勞力輸出,除了他們的教育水準,實則和其他一般苦力沒有本質上的區別。

中國大規模生產的便宜產品降低了輸入這些產品的地區的商業信用度。由於技術落後,管理失敗,中國製造的單位能耗要比發達國家如日本,美國高出很多。因此,隨著出口額的增加,中國在擴大生產的同時喪失著寶貴的能源。同時,這種行為也嚴重的污染了環境,使中國變為全世界最不適宜人類居住的國家。

目前中國正在遭受著資本主義社會2大邪惡的折磨,即環境的破壞與人性的喪失。由於中國人天生的貪婪的本性,它們可以毫無保留的接受資本主義的陰暗面即無止境的追求利潤,忽視人的尊嚴。中國人對西方的技術與產品狂熱追求,卻對西方管理文化所強調的坦率,直接,誠實這些品質漠不關心。
由於中國文化不鼓勵敢於冒險這種優良品質,所以中國人極力避免冒險,他們也不想尋求機會來改善自己的生活。中國人對於生活的平衡性和意義性並不感興趣,相反他們更執迷於對物質的索取,這點上要遠遠勝於西方人。大多數中國人發現他們不懂得”精神靈性”,”自由信仰”以及”心智健康”這樣的概念,因為他們的思想尚不能達到一個生命(補:即肉體和靈性的並存)存在的更高層次。他們的思想還停留在專注於動物本能對性和食物那點貪婪可憐的欲望

在中國人的眼中,受教育不是為了尋求真理或者改善生活品質,而只是身份和顯赫地位的象徵和標誌。中國的知識份子從別人那裏得到尊敬並不是因為他們為了別人的幸福做過什麼,而只是因為他們獲得佔有了相當的知識。事實上,他們中的大多數只不過是一群僅僅通曉考試卻從不關心真理和道德的食客。

中國的教育體系很大程度上已經成為一種失敗和恥辱。它已經不能夠服務于教育本應所服務的物件:社會。這個教育體系不能提供給社會許多有用的個體。它只是製造出一群投機分子,他們渴望能夠受益於社會所提供的好處卻毫不關心回報。
中國可以培養出大批的高級能人才,但卻很少可以培養出合格的可以獨立主持的管理級專家。服務於一個公司或者社會,光有技術是不夠的;還需要有勇氣,膽量,正直和誠實的領導才能,這恰恰是大多數中國人所缺少的品性。正如亞瑟.史密斯,一位著名的西方傳教士一個世紀前所指出的,中國人最缺乏的不是智慧,而是勇氣和正直的純正品性。這個評價,雖然歷經百年,如今依舊準確診斷出中國綜合症的病因。

大多數中國畢業生對選擇出國並為外國工作不會感到內疚,事實上他們首先欠下了中國人民在教育上為他們所做出的犧牲。隨著傳統文化價值觀的破壞和逐步衰弱,大多數的中國人,包括受過教育的人都徘徊在精神和內心世界的路口,像迷失的狗一樣不知何去何從。


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6 Responses to “Rand’s 2005 report on China”

  1. TonyP4 Says:

    The translator is Babylon, a low-price translator for several languages both ways.

    It is a very good translation compared to the other free translators I used for fun. There are a lot of grammatical errors. Some are obvious as Chinese does not have the concept of tense. I think this could be the best translator for the price. It is excellent for the first draft. I still do not know how they translate ‘RAND’ from Chinese.

  2. jxie Says:

    Gosh, Tony, you can’t be this gullible. This piece is so obviously faked. First, Rand is OK but not great. It’s far better known among Chinese than Americans, because supposedly it correctly predicted the involvement of PRC in the Korean War. Rand wouldn’t use “evil” as a descriptive word, or analyze the spirituality aspect, let alone the spirituality of a nation. If I have to guess, the piece was penned by a “spiritual” group who has no qualms of faking reality.

    Put “+rand +china +coca +cola +buick +aluminum” (keywords appearing in the Chinese piece that each has only 1 possible English translation) in a search engine, and see who came up on top…

  3. Steve Says:

    jxie is correct; this isn’t a Rand Corporation technical report. To better understand what that would look like, here is a Rand analysis entitled Fault Lines in China’s Economic Terrain. You can find a list of Rand studies pertaining to China here. You might want to note this Rand Study was even sponsored by the Tianjin Binhai New Area (TBNA) and the Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Area (TEDA).

  4. TonyP4 Says:

    I could be too trustworthy (or naive). However, the article has some nice ideas. Some are outdated and some have been described in other books.

    Would any one verify this article from http://www.rand.org/pubs/testimonies/2005/RAND_CT244.pdf

  5. Allen Says:

    @TonyP4 #4,

    Not sure what you mean by “verify.” But it was an interesting read. The only flaw is paradigm equating modernization with Westernization – that China will be just a Japan on steroid.

    That is incorrect. But in the big scheme of things, I think the article is right. China will be a force for stabilization. China’s rise will not be a threat to the world.

  6. TonyP4 Says:

    The original one is a fake most likely. I try to see the one in the link is fake too (most likely not).

    —–
    My old high school classmate e-mailed me on this one:

    Tony, I agree. I read the whole thing and laughed. I read this kind of articles all the time. Cursing can only help a nation improve through time. No harm done. 美國蘭德公司 is RAND. RAND has no ability to write something like that. The real writer didn’t need to use RAND’s name. I don’t mind to read it even if s/he cares to use real name.

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